The Holy Quran: An In-Depth Exploration of God’s Divine Revelation
The Holy Quran is the Holy Book revealed by God via the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him). Often referred to as the Koran in the West, the Holy Quran is believed to be the word of God by Muslims and acts as a guide to living a fulfilling and morally correct life. Belief in Allah’s Holy Book is vital to all Muslims.
This article explores the Quran in more detail and highlights some interesting facts about the Holy Book.
Who Wrote the Holy Quran?
The Holy Quran was revealed via the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), who memorised every verse. The beloved Prophet spoke the verses to his companions. While recitation was the primary source of sharing and communicating the verses, some of his companions created written records. However, this resulted in different versions from different companions and a need to standardise the records after the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) died.
While there were many different versions of the Holy Quran, they all had the same verses and chapters but differed in some of the words and phraseology. It was the third Caliph, Usman (PBUH), a close companion of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), who sought to solve this problem with a committee to establish a standardised version of the Holy Quran. Removing diversity in the text and creating uniformity were the Caliph’s primary concerns.
Once completed and verified, copies were made and sent to Basra, Damascus, Kufa, and Mecca. A copy was also kept in Medina.
The Revelations of the Holy Quran continued throughout the Prophet’s Life
The Holy Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) when he was 40. The revelations began around 609 AD and continued until he died in 632 AD.
The Word Quran is Mentioned Sparingly
Strangely the word Quran is only mentioned 70 times in the Holy Quran. However, many other names and words are used to talk about the Holy Book.
Surah Al-Fatiha is the Most Recited Surah
The Holy Quran is crucial to the daily lives of Muslims. The first Surah, Surah Al-Fatiha, is recited more than any other. It contains seven verses that are repeated several times and includes the Salah.
A Highly Organised Book
The Holy Quran is exceptionally well organised. It is divided into 30 equal parts and contains 114 chapters, 6236 verses, and 99,464 words.
Quranic Revelations Before and After Migration to Medina
The Holy Quran is split into two surah types: Makki and Madni. Makki surahs were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) in Mecca before the migration to Medina. The surahs revealed after the migration are called the Madni surahs. It is claimed that there are 86 Makki surahs and 28 Madni surahs. However, not all sources agree on this split.
The Holy Quran has no Beginning or End
The Holy Quran is non-linear in its structure, so it has no beginning, middle, or end. There is no chronological order in the Holy Quran’s text.
The Holy Quran Mentions Five Mosques by Name
Five mosques are mentioned by name in the Holy Quran. These are:
The Holy Quran Must be handled with the Greatest Respect
Several rules must be followed before touching the Holy Quran. A person must be pure and in a state of wudu before touching the Holy Quran. This includes thoroughly washing the body and avoiding all unclean acts. If a person is not in a state of wudu, they must not even carry the Holy Quran in a separate carry case or bag.
Proper Pronunciation is Vital in Quranic Recitation
Recitation is how the Holy Quran is meant to be shared and understood. Muslims should improve their pronunciation through the study of Tajweed, which means to improve Arabic pronunciation and syllable timing accuracy. Learning Tajweed ensures accuracy when reading the Holy Quran and ensures the reader does not change any of the verses’ meanings.
The Holy Quran Highlights Many Scientific Facts
The Holy Quran does not just give insights into how Muslims should live or their relationship with Allah. It also highlights many scientific facts that remain true today. Among the many facts the Holy Quran explores are the birth and expansion of the universe, how the atmosphere protects the planet from harm, and how water is at the heart of most creation. The Holy Quran also touches on the formation of clouds, oceanic divisions, prenatal development and brain anatomy.
There are many hidden depths to the Holy Quran. It cannot be read once and fully understood. It must be recited regularly with proper pronunciation. Time and effort must be put into understanding the meaning of every verse and Surah. Even those who do not read or understand Arabic can benefit from the Holy Quran in one of its many hundreds of language translations.
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